Deadly nightshade, Black Cherry.
This perennial herb has a thick, fleshy, creeping root,
and an annual erect leafy stem about three feet high.
Leaves ovate, acute, entire on short, petioles, and of a
dull green color. The flowers are dark purple, and fruit
a many-seeded berry.
This plant is common to Europe, growing
among ruins and waste places, blossoming from May to
August and maturing its fruit in September. The leaves
should be gathered while the plant is in flower. They
yield their virtues to water and alcohol.
Properties and Uses:-
Belladonna is an energetic narcotic(`Narcotics are those
substances having the property of diminishing the action
of the nervous and vascular systems and of inducing
sleep). It is anodyne(analgesic), anti-spasdomic,
calmative, and relaxant. In the hands of skilled herbal
physicians this botanical has great virtues, but it is
too powerful and dangerous for general or home use.
We now come to consider what Dr.
Nash call the trio of delirium remedies-
Belladonna, Hyocyamus and Stramonium. Many
other remedies have delirium, but these three deserve to
head the list. Belladonna may also be called
pre-eminently a head remedy. In most complaints where
this remedy is indicated, head symptoms preponderate.
The blood seems to be rushing to the head. (Amyl
Nitrite, Glonine, Melilotus.). The head is hot while
the extremeties are cold. The eyes are red and
blood-shot. The face is also red, almost purple red.
The carotid arteries throb so as to be plainly visible.
There is either great pain, pressure or sense of
fullness or an almost stupid condition. The wide
terrible delirium, if present, may be found with pain,
or even with no complaint of pain. In delerium the
he sees ghosts, hideous faces and animals and insects."
Fears all sorts of imaginary things an wants to run
away from them; breaks out into fit of laugher or
screams and gnashes his teeth; bits or strikes those
around him, in short, performs all sorts of violent act
and is controlled with great difficulty. No remedy has
more persistently violent delirium than Belladonna. One
of the characteristic features of Belladonna in delirium
as compared with the other two remedies is the decided
evidence already mentioned of a surcharge of blood in
the brain. When the throbbing of the carotids , the
heat, redness and congestion of face and conjunctive go
away, the delirium subsides in proportion. Belladonna
may have delirium with pale face as its alternate, but
it is the exception. Even the upper lip is congested
In inflammations, which localize,
Belladonna is in the first stage as often the
leading remedy as any other. It does not make much
difference where they localize, whether in head, throat,
mammae, or else-where if they come on suddenly, pursue a
rapid course, are red, painful and especially
throbbing. It is astonishing how many local
inflammations, even a carbuncle or boil, will so disturb
the general system and circulation, as to produce the
general inflammatory fever, with the characteristic head
symptoms calling for Belladonna and no less astonishing
how this remedy controls the whole condition, both
local and general, when indicated. What! Exclaims the
believer in local applications, give Belladonna
internally for a boil on th hand or foot? Yes, indeed,
not only Belladonna, but Mercurius, Hepar Sulphuris,
Taractula Cubensis, and many others, and you will
not have any need for local medication at all. It is
only in the first or congestive or active inflammatory
stage that this remedy is in place; but if properly
administered then, it will often abort the whole thing
and never leave it to finish all its stages, or if not,
so modify as to make it comparatively insignificant.
is one of our best remedies in the diseases of children,
even vying with Chamomilla. They come suddenly,
almost without warning. This sudden and intense
onset of fever is sometimes duplicated in Cina
cases but there is helminthiasis in connection with it.
Child is well one minute and sick the next, and
one very characteristic symptom in these
cases is, the child is very hot, with red face and semi
stupor, but every little while starts or sumps in sleep
as it might go into spasms. This condition is often
found in children and then Belladonna is like
upon troubled water.".
Remember Belladonna inflammations localize more than
they do in Aconite. I drew the difference between
these two remedies in inflammations and inflammatory
fevers when writing upon Aconite. There is no use of
confounding them. Some do so; but, in so doing only
exhibit their ignorance.
Dr. kent says that Belladonna is a remedy
that takes hold of the system with great violence. It
is especially suitable to plethoric, vigorous
individuals and intellectual people. Brainy people
having complaints coming on suddenly provided they are
in a substantial state of health, and are reasonable
plethoric and vascular. The complaints of Belladona
come on suddenly, run a regular course, and subside
suddenly. The pains and suffering come on suddenly
and with great violence, and subside suddenly.
ultimate rapidly; run a sharp course, a course of great
violence, and subside suddenly. Belladonna especially
affects the whole vascular system, the heart, lungs,
brain and nervous system.
The mental symptoms of Bell,. Are
delightful to study, but dreadful to look up. The
mental symptoms are such as come on in intense fevers,
such as are observed in maniacal excitement in delirium.
Excitement runs all through. Violence runs all through
the mental symptoms. The mental symptoms are all
active, never passive. There is no passive delirium in
Belladonna. It is a wild state. He is wild, striking,
biting, tearing things; doing unusal things doing
strange things, doing unexpected things. He is in state
of excitability. These mental symptoms that come on
during fevers, the delirium and excitement, are very
commonly ameliorated by eating a little light food. That
is not generally known in Bell. But it is quite a strong
feature. But remember the violence, and with it, if you
go to the bedside where there is this violent delirium,
keep in mind, the heat, redness and burning.
As mentioned above, he is full of
imaginations, see ghosts, and spirits and wild things.
In the early part of the fever the delirium is very
violent and excitable, but as it passes on he goes into
a sleep, a sort of half-slumber, a semi-comatose state.
Apparently in a dream, and screams out. Dreams
horrrible things. Sees in his dreams the things that he
talks about . When he has real sleep, or resting, as
near as it is for him to rest, he has violent dreams;
night-mare. See things on fire. His delirium goes on
when he appears to be sleeping. These symptoms often
occur with cerebral congestion, the violent cerebral of
the infant. If they are old enough to talk they will
about the hammering in the head. In Bell. The infant
goes with congestion, pupils dilated; skin hot and dry;
face red, throbbing carotids. Finally the child become
pale as the stupor increases and the neck is drawn back,
because as it progresses the base of the brain and spine
become involved, and the muscles of the neck contract,
drawing the head backwards, and he rolls the head; eyes
staring, pupils dilated. This mental state is
associated with scarlet fever and with cerebro-spinal
Again, these mental states take the form
of acute mania, when the patient will bite the spoon;
will bark like dog; will do all sorts of violent things;
even jump out of the window. He has to be restrained,
put in a strait-jacket. The face is red, and the skin
is hot, and the patient at times says that he burns all
over, or that the head burns, and the head is very
hot. During all this the feet are cold. Head hot,
feet cold, or feet and hands cold as ice. It
seems all the blood is being hurried to the head. All
sorts of delusions and hallucinations are mingled with
the acute mania; ghosts, horrid monsters; strange
things, and deformed subjects. Fear of imaginary
things, and wants to run away. In the delirium of bell.
he wants to run away from his attendants as he thinks
they are doing him injury.Throughout the acute mania,
and throughout the delirious state,all the
manifestations partake of violence. Destructiveness.
The Bell. patient in the mot acute state must be
watched, controlled, handled and sometimes tied. In
the text it describes theses states as
He wants to do violence. He has aversion to noise and
company/ Aversion to light, is better in dark.
It is indicated in congestive headaches, and also for
neuralgic headaches. Throbbing & heat with the already
described evidence of congestion of blood to the head.
Belladonna headaches, whether congestive or neuralgic,
are worse on stooping forward, bending downward or
lying down, anything that takes the patient out of
the perpendicular. ."Worse
on lying down'"
in fact seems to be variable general characteristic.
Pain worse < noise, light, lying down and in afternoon,
right side > pressure and semi-erect position .Boring of
head in pillows; drawn backward and rolls from side to
side. Constant moaning .With Belladonna the head likes
wrapping up or covering, takes cold when it is uncovered
or from cutting the hair (Hep.Sulph). (Glonine; can'nt
bear hat on). Vertigo on turning in bed, or moving,
things go round.
Face is flushed, bluish-red, swollen, shining;
convulsive motion of muscles of face. Swelling of upper
lip.Facial neuralgia with twitching muscles and flushed
Inflammatory conditions of the eyes . Staring red,
blood-shot and pupils first contracted, then greatly
dilated. Very often specifically indicated for Viral
conjunctivitis in the earlier stages. Photophobia.
In inflammatory conditions of the ea whch go on to
suppuration Bell. is rarely useful. We have to look to
deep acting remedies. We may have the pain ,
tenderness, over sensitiveness, all inflammatory
conditons ; but cases requiring Bell rarely go on to
suppuration. Otitis Media, child cries in sleep.
Hearing very acute. With the charactersitic throbbing
and beating pain deep in the ear.
Epistaxis with red face. Coryza : mucus mixed with
Dry mouth, dry tongue; swollen tongue; protruding
tongue, dry and hard, feels like leather. Loss of
sensation, loss of taste, loss of power of the tongue
and loss of speech are all bell features. Red streak in
the middle of the tongue . Dryness of mouth with no
thirst. Sometimes Bell. is thirsty for large quantities
of water when stomach symptoms are prominent and
sometimes he wants water only to wet his dry lips.
Teething problems of the children.
Tonsillitis, , red, worse right side; throat feels
constricted; difficult swallowing, worse
liquids. Scraping sensation. Spasms in throat.
Averse to meat and milk. Great thirst
for cold water. Spasms of stomach. Spasmodic hic-cough,
dread of drinking .
There are two very characteristic symptoms in the
abdominal region viz.
of the abdomen < by the least jar, in walking, or
stepping,or even the bed-clothes or chair, upon which
she sits or lies'"
downward as if the contents of the abdomen would issue
through the vulva <mornings.".This
last symptoms is found under other remedies, notably
Lil.tig and Sepia . With Belladonna, there is often
associated with this pressure downward a pain in the
as if it would break.".
Great pain in ileo coecal region, cannot bear the
slightest touch even the bed clothes- a remedy for
has dysentric toubles. Diarrhoea with scany fluid stool,
marked straining, but with it the face is flushed.
Heat, redness and burning in the face and head.
Haemorrhoids that are violently painful, that are
intensely red and are greatly swollen and inflamed, a
high grade of inflammation, cannot be touched; must lie
with limbs apart and there is much burning.
Dr. Kent says that no remedy has a greater irritation in
the bladder and along the urinary tract than Bell. The
urging to urinate is constant. The urine dribbles, and
it burns intensely along the whole length of the
urethra. The whole urinary tract is in a state of
irritation. Bell. has cured inflammation of the
With urine symptoms, the irritable state
of the mind, irritable state of the whole nervous system
is to be considered.Haematuria where no pathological
condition can be found. Tenesmus of the bladder
Prostatic hypertrophy, flow of prostatic fluid.
The parts are sensitive, the uterus and ovaries are
congested, sore to touch , sensitive to jar. Irritable
uterus; until it has become enlarged and ;painful and
sore to the touch. Sometimes it remains in this state
after parturition. Feeling as if all the viscera would
protrude at genitals. Menses, bright red , too early,
too profuse. Mastitis <jar.
Tickling, short, dry cough; worse at night. The
child will cry the instant it feels that urging to
cough, because it knows what a great suffering is going
to take place. The chest is so painful, the child reads
the cough and screams. (This is also present with
This remedy cures pneumonia and pleurisy
. With these the usual features of Bell must suffix ,
i.e. congestion of head, red face, or the burning ; but
in pleurisy , Bell prefers the right side, cannot lie
onit; <jar of the bed. But Bry. Pleurisy, also prefers
the right side, but the Bry. Patient must lie on that
side, must have pressure and is not so sensitive to jar;
he has not the intense heat, he has not the great
throbbing, and the burning.
Violent palpitation, with throbbing headaches. Rapid
but weakened pulse.
A very special feature of Belladonna is that the patient's
and the general condition of the patient are ameliorated
by rest; but the pains of the lower limbs, which are
neuralgic type are > motion and come on in rest. That
does not mean that all the pains in the lower
extremities are ameliorated by motion,
b because the pains in rheumatism are
invariably ameliorated by rest, and aggravated by
motion. Those tearing pains, from hips downwards, with
no swelling, come during rest Jerking limbs,
convulsions with usual head symptoms. These are the
peculiarities of Bell.With all the complaints of Bell.
there is rush of blood is to the head, extremeties are
cold, cold feet, cold had, hot head.
Stiff neck, Swelling of glands of neck. Pain in nape as
if it would break. Lubago, with pain in hips and
Uniform, smooth, shining, scarlet redness of the
skin, so hot that it imparts a burning sensation to the
hand of one who feels of it, is very characteristic of
Belladonna.. Glands swollen , tender, red, Boils,
Alternate paleness and redness of skin. Indurations
after inflammations, Erysipelas. Skin is dry and hot.
Burning, pungent, steaming, heat. Feet icy cold.
No thirst with fever with usual head symptoms. After
sunstroke.A strange feature running through the Bell.
fever of all sorts is an unconquerable craving for
lemons, and lemon-juice. Lemonade seems to agree
sometimes. In acute diseases when they crave lemon it
is good for them.
Screams out in sleep, Starting when closing the eyes
of during sleep. Sleeps with hands under head (Ars.Plat.)
Kept awake by pulsations of blood-vessels.
Touch, Motion, Noise jarring, Draught, Lying down After
3 p.m. and after midnight.
Rest, Standing or sitting erect (or semi-erect), Warm
Summary of indications:-
rhinitis- sorethroat- inflamed tonsils-sunstroke.
Belladonna is the acute of Calcarea Carb.
Camphora, Coffea cruda, hepar Sulph, Hyoscymus niger,