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China Officinalis





Botanical Name: Peruvian bark.   Common Names- Crown Bark, Foso Bark, Jesuits' Bark, Red Bark.

Medicinal Part:-  The bark.

Description: The bark is obtained from the Cinchona Calisaya, Cinchona Condaminea, Cinchona Succirubra and Cinchona Lancifolia.  These trees are evergreen or shrubs.  About thirteen varieties of cinchon are known to commerce, but the above are the most important.  Of these species the former three yield respectively the pale yellow and red cinchona barks, and fourth is one of the source of quinine.

   Cinchona is a very old discovery, and takes its names from the wife of the Spanish viceroy, County de Cinchon, who was cured of fever by it at Lima, about the year 1638.  From some time after its introduction into Europe, the Jesuits, who received the bark from their brethren in Peru, alone used it and kept to themselves the secret of its origin; and their use of it was so successful that it received the name which till clings to it of 'Jesuits' Bark.   The bark richest in the antiperiodic alkaloids is the Cinchona Calisaya,. The geographical range of the cinchonas appears to be exclusively confined to the Andes, within the boundaries of Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and New Granada. 

  Thirteen species furnish the barks of commerce, and all of them were found growing from one to ten thousand feet above the level of sea .  The four species  named above however, are the only ones recognized by the United States pharmacopoeia, and are favorites every where. Since the seventeenth century these barks have been the study of the men versed in medical and chemical science and they and the preparation made from them rank among the most important articles of the Materia Medica.  It contains numerous active principals, but the most important is the quinine.

Homeopathically, it was this very bark which gave a breakthrough in the discovery of Homeopathy by Dr. Samuel Hahnemann.

        This remedy is used by both schools of medicine for conditions of great weakness and debility.  The old school, as they always do, prescribe  it for all cases of debility, on general principles, under the name of tonic.  It remained for Homeopathy to indicate its exact place here.



    If the depletion has been sudden, as from a haemorrhage from womb, lungs, bowels or nose, there will be faintness,loss of sight, ringing in the ears, etc.  For this state of things we have a friend indeed , in China and it should be given in frequently repeated doses, not too low, until reaction is established; then at longer intervals, as occasion demands.

Dr. Nash says that it is always well when a patient comes to us in a very debilitated condition to think of China, and to make careful inquiry for some debilitating waste that would account for  it, for if it is a women she may be suffering from a very profuse leucorrhoea, which from delicacy she will not mention, or if a young  or even married man, he may be suffering from seminal losses, of which  he would not speak if not encouraged to do so. 

MIND SYMPTOMS:-  Nervous, sensitive patient.  Weakness of mind, Inability to think or remember.  Full of fear at night.  Fear of animals, dogs, or creeping things. Wants to commit suicide but lacks courage.  Gradually the mind grows  weaker , he plans, theorizing, building air castles.

In the morning he wonders how he could have thought of such foolish things.  After sleep his mind is clear and he looks more philosophically on the affairs of life.  Unable to entertain any mental proposition that means work.  He dreads work. He is apathetic, indifferent, low spirited, silent, disinclined to think.  He is unable to control the mind, to make it do what he wants it to do.  You see it is not as yet a realy insanity.  

    The above state mind comes on after haemorrhage.  Insomnia after haemorrhage.  A woman, after having suffered great loss of blood, will be sleepless night after night. 

    After haemorrhage we may have dizziness.   It is a natural consequence, dizziness and fainting.  But ordinarily, after the proper diet for a few days these symptoms will have disappeared.  With China patient, they go from bad to worse.  The woman after severe haemorrhage does not make blood.  There is mal-assimilation, and the vertigo persists for days and weeks.  China will restore order.

HEAD SYMPTOMS:- The remedy is full of headaches.  Congestive headaches in broken down constitutions.  Extremities cold and body covered with a cold sweat. Pressing and throbbing pains.  As soon as the air strikes the head those pains come.  Headache >warm room,<from touch,motion,cold, night time.   These are the principal features.  A slight touch will aggravate the disturbance. But notice the exception, HARD PRESSURE ameliorates the China pains, as light pressure aggravates. Headaches from sexual excesses; loss of animal fluids The scalp is sensitive and <combing.

EYE SYMPTOMS:- Photophobia.  Yellowness of the sclera . Exposure to cold wind will bring on neuralgia,>keeping quiet and from keeping warm.  "Nocturnal blindness,  dimness of vision. Feeling as if sand in the eyes.  Pains<light., >darkness.

EAR : In the ear you will find the same sensitiveness as in the eyes; every little noise is painful.  Ringing, roaring, buzzing and singing, chirping like crickets in the ears.  Dry catarrh of the middle ear.  Heardness of hearing is not infrequently the result of this condition.  It gradually increases until there is total deafness and the noises in the ear continue long after the patient has lost the ability to distinguish articulate sounds.  Haemorrhage from the ear. 

NOSE:-  Frequent nosebleed in anaemic patients.  Here, again the dryness and catarrhal  conditions.  Dry coryza ; or fluent coryza supressed and causing violent head pains. Odors  nauseate. Sensitivenes to the odors of flowers, cooking, tobacco. 

FACE:  The face is withered, shrunken, sallow, anaemic sickly.  Red when the fever/chill is on  but pale during apyrexia with the usal modalities.

MOUTH:- The teeth gets loose, the gums swell.  The teeth are painful while chewing and feel too long.Toothache with everylittle cold.  Rending as if teeth were being pulled out, every time the child nurses at the breast. 

STOMACH:-   Bitter taste in the mouth.  Sometimes thee is canine hunger, but one of the most common features is loathing of everything; aversion to all food The China patient is often passive in regard to eating.  Sits down to eat and the food tastes fairly good and he fills up . HUNGRY YET WANT OF APETITE.LOSS OF APETITE.    Actually his apetite varies.  Thirst is peculiar.   

The patient will say:'I know my chill is coming on now because I have thirst.' Thirst  before chill, but as soon as the chill comes on there is no thirst.  But when he begins to warm up he begins to get thirst;  that is during the period in which the two lap he is thirst, but when the chill has fairly subsided and the heat is upon him his thirst subsides also and he only wants to wet his mouth .But as the hot spell begins to subside he increases the amount taken and all through the sweat he can hardly  get water enough.Thist before and after the chill and thirst during the sweat.   No thirst during the chill. No thirst during the hot spell.  So china has well defined chill, fever and sweat.

ABDOMEN:- Flatulent colic >bending double.  Tympanitic abdomen.  Pain in right hypochondrium.  Gall stone colic.   There are constant eructations, loud and strong, and yet no relief, so extensive is the flatulence.  In CARBO VEG after the belching a litter, there is relief.  LYCOPIUM  has both.Vomitting, eructations, tasting of food or they are bitter, our.  Frequent vomitting, of sour mucus,  bile , blood.  Likely to occur at night.  Pulsation in the stomach and rumbling . Cold feeling in the stokach.  Fermentation after eating fruit.  Acidity.  Disorders of the stomach after milk.  (MILK DISAGREES).

 STOOL:  Diarrhoea, undigested, yellow, painless, worse at night , after meals, hot weather, from fruit, milk , beer.Very weakening with much flatulence.

MALE:  Frequent emissions, followed by great weakness. 

FEMALE:-  Women who has been subject to uterine haemorrhages you look out at any moment for a sudden,sharp attack of inflammation of the ovaries.  Haemorrhage from the uterus.  Prolpse.  Menses too early and too profuse; black clotted blood; menstrual colic; metrorrhagia. Pains and convulsions; convulsions come on in the midst of the haemorrhage; cramps in the uterus alsong with haemorrhage; labor-like pains; ringing in the ears, loss of sight.  In confinement the lochia is profuse and lasts too logn.  Deterioration of health from prolonged lactation, toothache; neuralgia of the fact.

FEVER:  China cures low forms of fever, remittent or intermittent, typhoid or malarial. All should accompany the symptoms of  chill fever and sweat.

RESPIRATORY:  Influenza with debility.  Difficult respiration, rattling and filling up of the  chest with mucus ; asthma.  Pressure in  the chest, as from violent rust of blood; violent palpitation, bloody sputa Sudden prostration. Dry suffocative cough at night, profuse night sweats.  Pains in the chest, increasing sensitiveness to cold, heat and redness of the face with cold hands. 


BACK : Along the spine there are sore spots.  Tearing, darting pains in the limbs >heat and hard pressure, brought on by touch, by becoming chilled.  <night.  Knees weak especially when walking.

MODALITIES: <SLIGHTEST TOUCH.  Draught of air, every other day; loss of vital fluids, at night, after eating, bending over, > bending double, haard pressure; open waarmth.

Relationship: Antidotes Arn. Ars.Nux.Ipec.



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